Concussion is a brain injury and is defined as a complex physiological process affecting the brain, induced by biomechanical forces.

Concussion may be caused by either a direct or indirect blow to the head, face, neck or body causing an impulsive force transmitted to the head.

It is important that all first aid personnel are aware of how to recognise and safely manage concussion.

Australian Concussion Guidelines for Youth and Community Sport

The Australian Concussion Guidelines for Youth and Community Sport have been designed to provide clear and consistent guidance on concussion for parents, teachers, coaches, sideline staff and others involved in youth and community sport.  

These guidelines provide information on how to recognise and manage concussion from the time of injury through to a safe return to education, work and playing sport. This information is intended for the general public and for individuals participating in youth (those aged under 19 years) and community sports where healthcare practitioners are less likely to be available to diagnose and monitor symptom progression of individuals with concussion.

They have been developed in a collaboration between the Australian Institute of Sport, Sports Medicine Australia, the Australasian College of Sport and Exercise Physicians, and the Australian Physiotherapy Association, and released in February 2024.

Concussion in Sport Policy

Sports Medicine Australia’s 2018 Concussion in Sport policy was developed with the support of the New South Wales Office of Sport. This policy is a resource to help State Sporting Organisations recognise and manage concussion in sport, creating safe sporting environments.

Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport

The ‘Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport’ was devised at the 6th International Conference on Concussion in Sport held in Amsterdam in October 2022 to help develop further conceptual understanding of sport-related concussion (SRC) using an expert consensus-based approach. Ultimately the aim of the Consensus Statement is to assist those involved in athlete care – whether at a recreational, elite or professional level – in managing concussion safely.

Other Resources

Some more commonly used resources in concussion management include:

For sport specific concussion policies, please click on the appropriate link: